Knee pain is one of the most common conditions health care service professionals deal with. About a third of all cases of muscle and bone pain brought to doctors are those involving knee pain. Knee pain from sore knees is also a special condition that athletes have to contend with. More than 50 percent of all athletes struggle with knee pain every year. Some of the common complaints related to knee pain are meniscus or cartilage tear, sprained ligaments, runner’s knee and tendonitis. Also, knee issues associated with wear and tear come up frequently during doctor’s visits.
Symptoms of Knee Pain or Injury
The symptoms depend on the specific knee injury one has, but the following need to be looked out for:
- Pain, especially on bending (flexion) or straightening (extension) the knee
- Swelling on the knee
- Problem with moving the knee
- Difficulty bearing weight or load on the knee
Types of Knee Conditions / Causes of Knee Pain
Some of the common knee conditions that cause knee pain are:
- Bursitis – The term comes from bursa, a sac of fluid located below the skin that overlays the joints. Swelling and pain to the bursa is caused by repeated kneeling or bending, irritating the bursa that overlays the knee cap or patella.
- Dislocated kneecap – Also called patellar dislocation, this condition is characterized by the knee cap sliding out of position, resulting to swelling and pain.
- Iliotibial band syndrome – The irritation from overuse and other problems of the iliotibial band, a tough tissue running from the hip downward to the knee, is the cause of the inflammation and pain on the outer knee that characterizes this disorder.
- Osteoarthritis – Seen in both athletes and non-athletes, this common cause of knee pain is prevalent to people over age 50.
- Patellar tendonitis – This condition comes from the inflammation of tendons that surround the knee. Overuse can cause the inflammation and soreness of these tendons.
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome – This condition is common in teenage girls. It is often the result of problems associated with muscle tightness and imbalance and legs alignment.
Treatment of Sore Knees and Knee Pain
The treatment for knee pain will depend on the specific injury or condition. Some mild injuries that cause the knee pain sometimes resolve over time without treatment. Some of the actions prescribed to treat knee pain consist of the following:
- Rest the knee and avoid intense activity for a few days.
- Use ice to reduce swelling and pain.
- Compress the affected knee by using elastic bandage or straps to reduce swelling or add support.
- Elevate the knee by using a pillow under the heel, when lying down or sitting, to reduce swelling.
- Take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) to relieve pain and swelling. These medications can have some side effects and should only be used at the prescribed period and frequency.
- Do strengthening and stretching exercises as your doctor or health care service provider recommends.
Chiropractic Care to Relieve Sore Knees
The knees may not be directly connected to the spine, but chiropractic can certainly treat
sore knees and knee pain. There are factors outside of the knee itself that can cause knee pain. These indirect causes must be corrected to prevent damage or injury to the knee joint and tissues surrounding it. Chiropractors, although known to be capable of restoring alignment in the spine, are also as capable in doing this in the knee. They can restore alignment in the knee’s structures as well as to other linked structures, which might be affected by the dysfunction in the knee, such as the lower back or hip. One of the common causes of knee pain is muscle imbalances and misalignment in the structures around the knee, hip and ankle joints from overuse, poor posture, physical trauma and repetitive stress. Chiropractic adjustments of the spine, hips and patella-femoral joint can help restore the joints into proper alignment.
Also, since one joint can ultimately have a significant impact on another joint, it is easy to see how an adjustment in the spine can treat an abnormality in the knee joint. The spine is connected to the pelvis, which is connected to the hip, which is connected to the leg bone, which is connected to the knee.
Chiropractic care can alleviate stress in the knee, reduce inflammation and facilitate its healing as well as of the surrounding structures it is connected and functions with.